David Ricardo was a British political economist who was one of the most influential of the classical economists.
Best David Ricardo Quotes
“The farmer and manufacturer can no more live without profit than the labourer without wages.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Neither a state nor a bank ever have had unrestricted power of issuing paper money without abusing that power.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“To alter the money value of commodities, by altering the value of money, and yet to raise the same money amount by taxes, is then undoubtedly to increase the burthens of society.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The interest of the landlord is always opposed to the interests of every other class in the community.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Money is neither a material to work upon nor a tool to work with.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“It is here we come to the heart of the matter. The economic principle of comparative advantage’, ’a country may, in return for manufactured commodities, import corn even if it can be grown with less labour than in the country from which it is imported.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The price of corn will naturally rise with the difficulty of producing the last portions of it,…” ~ (David Ricardo).
“There is no way of keeping profits up but by keeping wages down…” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Like all other contracts, wages should be left to the fair and free competition of the market, and should never be controlled by the interference of the legislature.” ~ (David Ricardo).
Top David Ricardo Quotes
“The exchangeable value of all commodities rises as the difficulties of their production increase.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Gold and silver are no doubt subject to fluctuations, from the discovery of new and more abundant mines; but such discoveries are rare, and their effects, though powerful, are limited to periods of comparatively short duration.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“If the demand for home commodities should be diminished, because of the fall of rent on the part of the landlords, it will be increased in a far greater degree by the increased opulence of the commercial classes.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“There can be no greater error than in supposing that capital is increased by non-consumption.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“If English money was of the same value then as before, Hamburgh money must have risen in value. But where is the proof of this?” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Profits are not made by differential cleverness, but by differential stupidity.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Every transaction in commerce is an independent transaction.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“A rise in wages, from an alteration in the value of money, produces a general effect on price, and for that reason it produces no real effect whatever on profits.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The demand for money is regulated entirely by its value, and its value by its quantity.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Gold and silver, like other commodities, have an intrinsic value, which is not arbitrary, but is dependent on their scarcity, the quantity of labour bestowed in procuring them, and the value of the capital employed in the mines which produce them.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The factors left out of the Ricardian equation are falling wages and idle capacity.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Nothing contributes so much to the prosperity and happiness of a country as high profits.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“But it is clear that the price of labor has no necessary connection with the price of food, since it depends entirely on the supply of labourers compared with the demand.” ~ (David Ricardo).
Famous David Ricardo Quotes
“Whenever, then, the usual and ordinary rate of the profits of agricultural stock, and all the outgoings belonging to the cultivation of land, are together equal to the value of the whole produce, there can be no rent.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“A rise of wages from this cause will, indeed, be invariably accompanied by a rise in the price of commodities; but in such cases, it will be found that labour and all commodities have not varied in regard to each other, and that the variation has been confined to money.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“But a tax on luxuries would no other effect than to raise their price. It would fall wholly on the consumer, and could neither increase wages nor lower profits.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“During the period of capital moving from one employment to another, the profits on that to which capital is flowing will be relatively high, but will continue so no longer than till the requisite capital is obtained.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Again two manufacturers may employ the same amount of fixed, and the same amount of circulating capital; but the durability of their fixed capitals may be very unequal.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“As the revenue of the farmer is realized in raw produce, or in the value of raw produce, he is interested, as well as the landlord, in its high exchangeable value, but a low price of produce may be compensated to him by a great additional quantity.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Rent is the portion of the earth, which is paid to the landlord for the user of the original and indestructible powers of the soil.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“But a rise in the wages of labour would not equally affect commodities produced with machinery quickly consumed, and commodities produced with machinery slowly consumed.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Taxation under every form presents but a choice of evils.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“No extension of foreign trade will immediately increase the amount of value in a country, although it will very powerfully contribute to increase the mass of commodities and therefore the sum of enjoyments.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Possessing utility, commodities derive their exchangeable value from two sources: from their scarcity, and from the quantity of labour required to obtain them.” ~ (David Ricardo).
Popular David Ricardo Quotes
“If a tax on malt would raise the price of beer, a tax on bread must raise the price of bread.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“A BOUNTY on the exportation of corn tends to lower its price to the foreign consumer, but it has no permanent effect on its price in the home market.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Whether a bank lent one million, ten million, or a hundred millions, they would not permanently alter the market rate of interest; they would alter only the value of the money they issued.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“In the same manner if any nation wasted part of its wealth, or lost part of its trade, it could not retain the same quantity of circulating medium which it before possessed.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The variation in the value of money, however great, makes no difference in the rate of profits;…” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Utility then is not the measure of exchangeable value, although it is absolutely essential to it.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The wheat bought by a farmer to sow is comparatively a fixed capital to the wheat purchased by a baker to make into loaves.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“The opinions that the price of commodities depends solely on the proportion of supply and demand, or demand to supply, has become almost an axiom in political economy, and has been the source of much error in that science.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Adam Smith, and other able writers to whom I have alluded, not having viewed correctly the principles of rent, have, it appears to me, overlooked many important truths, which can only be discovered after the subject of rent is thoroughly understood.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“It is not by the absolute quantity of produce obtained by either class, that we can correctly judge of the rate of profit, rent, and wages, but by the quantity of labour required to obtain that produce.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Profits might also increase, because improvements might take place in agriculture, or in the implements of husbandry, which would augment the produce with the same cost of production.” ~ (David Ricardo).
Inspiring David Ricardo Quotes
“Neither machines, nor the commodities made by them, rise in real value, but all commodities made by machines fall, and fall in proportion to their durability.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Called an inquiry into the laws which determine the division of the produce…” ~ (David Ricardo).
“After all the fertile land in the immediate neighbourhood of the first settlers were cultivated, if capital and population increased, more food would be required, and it could only be procured from land not so advantageously situated.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“If I discover a manure which will enable me to make a piece of land produce 20 per cent more corn, I may withdraw at least a portion of my capital from the most unproductive part of my farm.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“For price is everywhere regulated by the return obtained by this last portion of capital, for which no rent whatever is paid.” ~ (David Ricardo).
“Gold, on the contrary, though of little use compared with air or water, will exchange for a great quantity of other goods.” ~ (David Ricardo).